Muscat Wines of the Ukraine

Wine making has a long tradition in Ukraine dating back to the 4th century BC. It began in the southern Crimea and was later furthered by Orthodox monks in the areas of Kiev and Chernihiv. The first large winery in modern times (near Yalta) was established during the rule of Catherine II. The Crimea has a long history of fortified wine production as well as housing the national viticultural research facility at Magarach.

One of the oldest vineyards in the country is the Massandra winery, in the Crimea, which was built under the czar's direction in the 1890's. Extensive cellars and tunnels were constructed large enough to house over a million bottles of wine. Originally built to supply the czar's summer palace Livadia, the cellars are considered to be among the finest in the world. Today, the existing collection is one of the largest collections of old wines in the world containing vintages from 1775 (a Spanish sherry). The Massandra Library Collection contains at least one example of each wine. Extra wines are released for sale including some extremely rare bottles. Today Massandra is still an active winery but some wine writers believe that the quality of the wine is inferior to that made in the past.

Twenty eight different types of wines were made at Massandra. The wines produced were primarily fortified (Port and Madeira style) or dessert (Muscat, Tokay, Sauternes style). A small amount of red wine was also made.

Today viticulture in Ukraine is found in many vine-growing regions: Crimea (this region specializes in Muscat dessert wines), Bessarabia, Carpathian Ruthenia, Kherson, Dnipropetrovsk and Odessa Oblasts. The main grape varieties include: Aligoté, Muscat (white, pink and black), Traminer, Chardonnay, and Rkatsiteli.

There is a huge demand for sparkling wine in the region and Ukraine is one of the large exporters of sparkling wines (especially to Russia) with its flagship product - Sovetskoye Shampanskoye.

UKRAINIAN MUSCAT PRODUCERS
(All information from winery's websites)

ARTYOMOVSKOYE WINERY
Muscat Semidry Vintage Sparkling Wine
Manufactured in the traditional Champagne method. Aged one year. Light straw color, delicate rose flavour.

FRANTSUZKY BULVAR WINES
Semisweet White Sparkling Muscatel
This wine is produced with the use of technology of champagne manufacturing from muscatel grapes varieties with prevalence of Irsai Oliver (a Muscat hybrid) cultivated in the Company's vineyards in Saratsky and Ovidiopolsky districts of Odessa Region. The wine is of classical style and unique odour.

Muscatel: Semisweet White Table Wine
This semisweet white wine is made of white muscadine varieties of grapes with prevalence of Muscadine Ottonelle. Full muscatel array with pleasant taste and freshness of classical table wine.

Muscatel: Semisweet Red Table Wine
This semisweet red wine is made of Muscadine Ottonelle and Irsai Oliver muscadine varieties of grapes. It is a very soft wine; it is easily drunk and creates the aura of the classical muscadine aromas.


GOLDEN AMPHORA WINES
Nutmeg
This is a seductively golden sweet wine, produced from special Muscat grapes. Memorable aroma with hints of tea roses, carnations, acacia, as well as citron and honey.


INKERMAN WINERY
Muscat of Chersonesus
Muscat dessert wine made from Red Muscat varieties and Rose Muscat. Aged more than three months. Gentle Muscat aroma with tinges of rose petals and honey.


KOKTEBEL WINERY
Muscat Koktebel
White dessert wine. Made from White Muscat grapes grown in the winery's vineyards. The wine is aged in oak casks for no less than two years. Color varies from gold to dark gold. Flowery honey aroma. Complete harmonious taste.


MAGARACH INSTITUTE (UKRAINIAN ACADEMY OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES)

Magarath was founded by Czar Nicholas I in 1828 to be a model of wine-making (and wine making research) and to further distribution of appropriate wine producing grapes to other wine producing areas of the country. As early as 1832 the Institute was sending vines to other regions of the Russian empire; by 1845 Magarach wines were also being distributed. There was an emphasis on and great success with the production of sweet dessert wines. The Institute still functions as the scientific research station of the wine industry. (Currently, as part of that role, the Institute holds an extensive cellar of over 22,000 sample wines that are "standards of type and quality".) Almost all the grapes grown by the Institute are used in the production of unique Crimean wines producing traditional and newly developed wines.

Muscat Pink Magarach
This pink liquorous wine is made from the Pink Muscat variety grown on the Southern Coast of the Crimea. The wine is made by the classic technology developed in Magarach at the end of XIX century. Its unique and delicate bouquet contains notes of Muscat and roses. The 1836 Muscat Pink from the Institute's Magarach collection is listed in the Guinness Book of Records as the oldest existing Russian wine.

Muscat White Magarach
This white liquorous wine is made from the White Muscat variety grown on the Southern Coast of the Crimea. The wine is made from grapes whose sugar content is about 30% and is aged in barrels for two years. Its unique and delicate bouquet contains notes of the tea rose, raisins, sage, and citrus fruits. The taste is mild, velvety with an aromatic honey tang and the unique combination of the sweetness and acidity. This wine has been produced since 1836 and has won 36 awards.


MASSANDRA WINERY

Dessert Rose Muscat
Produced since 1945. A dessert liqueur wine made from Rose Muscat. The grapes are grown on sunlit terraces on mountainous slopes from Foros to Mount Castel. Grapes are harvested when the sugar level reaches 29%. The wine is aged in oak barrels for two years. Beautiful rosy color. Fine mouth-filling Muscat bouquet with tea rose hints.

Dessert White Muscat
Produced since 1944. White Muscat vineyards are scattered along the sunlit Black Sea coast. The grapes are harvested when the sugar level reaches 29%. The wine is aged in oak for two years. The wine has a deep golden color and sparkles in the glass. Delicate when young, when aged it acquires flowery tinges of Alpine meadows.

Livadia White Muscat
Produced since 1892. Unique chateau liqueur wine. Made from White Muscat grapes that grow on the slate slopes of the Crimean Mountains. The grapes are harvested as late as possible when they become raisined and shriveled. Natural sugar level is 33%. Exhibits a classical muscat, flowery, honeyed bouquet with raisin flavour. "The wine enraptures like a divine nectar"

Massandra Black Muscat
The Black Muscat grape was brought to the Crimea in the first half of the 19th Century and was called Muscat Kallyaba. The wine is aged in oak barrels for two years The wine is a ruby color with a complex bouquet of chocolate, coffee, prunes and chamomile. Full, round and soft on the palate with a lingering aftertaste.

Massandra Rose Muscat
Produced since 1955. Made from the Rose Muscat grape harvested when the sugar level reaches 22%. The wine is aged in oak casks for two years. Color varies from light to tawny brown with red hints. Displays rose petal and honey on the palate.

Massandra White Muscat
Grown on all the Massandra state farms since 1981. The vintage is harvested when the sugar level reaches 20%. The wine is aged in oak casks for two years.

South Coast White Muscat
Produced since 1940 The White Muscat grape is harvested from seaside vineyards when the sugar level has reached at least 26%. Before bottling the wine is aged in oak casts for two years. The wine is full and well balanced with a light amber color.

South Coast Rose Muscat
Produced since 1945. A dessert wine made from the Rose Muscat grape. The grapes are grown on southern plots of land with slate soil. Grapes are harvested when natural sugar reaches 26%. The wine has a classical Muscat bouquet with suggestions of rose petals.

White Muscat of Red Stone
A unique wine produced from White Muscat grapes grown in sunlit vineyards around Red Stone Rock above the resort town of Gurzuf. The grapes are harvested when the natural sugar is 29%. The wine is aged in oak casks for two years resulting in a wine with a unique delicate bouquet with overtones of honey and orange. This wine has been called the KING of Ukrainian Muscats.


SEVASTOPOL WINERY
Krimskoye White Muscat Sparkling Semi-Sweet

Krimskoye White Muscat Champagne

Krimskoye Red Muscat Sparkling Semi-Sweet

Krimskoye Red Muscat Champagne

Muscat Original Krimskoye Semi-Sweet
Light orange color. Nose of apples and nectarines. Sweet with low acidity.